How to Change Font Size in HTML: A Simple Guide for Beginners

By Cristian G. Guasch •  Updated: 09/18/23 •  9 min read

I’ve always believed that the devil is in the details when it comes to web design. One of those vital details, no doubt, is font size. If you’re new to HTML or even an experienced coder looking for a refresher, I’m here to guide you through the process of changing font size in HTML.

The ability to change your text’s font size can be a game-changer for your website’s look and feel. It’s not just about aesthetics either – larger fonts can make your content more accessible and easier to read, especially for users with visual impairments. On the flip side, smaller fonts can work wonders in compact spaces or where you want to keep things understated.

Let me assure you – changing font size in HTML isn’t rocket science! In fact, it’s pretty straightforward if you know what tags and attributes to use. So whether you’re trying to enhance user experience or simply give your website a mini makeover, mastering this skill will certainly come in handy!

Understanding HTML and Font Size

Let’s dive headfirst into the world of HTML. It’s a language that shapes every website you visit, from the content displayed to the way it looks. One crucial aspect of this styling capability is changing font size.

HTML, short for HyperText Markup Language, is the backbone of nearly all web pages. It forms the structure and layout of a page through various tags. Among these tags are those responsible for text formatting, including font size control.

So how does one go about adjusting font size in HTML? Well, there used to be a specific <font> tag for this task. You could simply specify size="x" within it (where “x” could be any number from 1 (smallest) to 7 (largest)). However, as with many things in technology, times have changed; modern HTML5 no longer supports the <font> tag.

In today’s world, we use CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) alongside our HTML code to handle such formatting tasks. In essence, CSS is our stylist while HTML structures our content – a perfect partnership!

Now let’s say you want to change your paragraph text size. Here’s an example:

<p style="font-size:20px;">This is some text.</p>

In this snippet above, we’re telling our browser that we want our paragraph (“p”) text to render at 20 pixels high.

But what if you don’t want pixel-specific sizes? Not an issue! CSS can also accept relative sizes like “small”, “medium”, or “large”.

Here’s another example:

<p style="font-size:large;">This is some large text.</p>

These two methods should cover most of your needs when it comes to controlling font size in your HTML documents!

Steps to Alter Font Size in HTML

Diving headfirst into the world of HTML can be a bit daunting at first, but I’m here to guide you through one of its basic elements – altering font size. Follow along as we unravel the mystery behind manipulating text size in your webpage using simple HTML coding.

First off, let’s get familiar with what’s generally used for changing font sizes in HTML – the <font> tag and CSS. Though it’s important to note that <font> has been deprecated, and it’s better practice to use CSS instead.

Here’s an example of how you’d typically change a paragraph text size using CSS:

<p style="font-size:20px;">This is some text!</p>

In this instance, 20px denotes the pixel size of your chosen font. You’re not just limited to pixels though! You could also use points (pt), ems (em) or even percentages (%). Each brings its own flavor to your webpage design.

But wait, there’s more! You can alter font sizes on different types of texts too. Let me show you how:

<h1 style="font-size:30px;">Hello World</h1>
<a href="#" style="font-size:18px;">Click me</a>
<li style="font-size:15px;">Item One</li>

Remember that consistency is key when deciding on your text sizes across different elements. It ensures a seamless user experience and keeps your page looking neat and well-designed.

So there you have it, folks! A crash course on tweaking font sizes in HTML. Don’t worry if it seems overwhelming now; like any other skill, practice makes perfect!

Common Mistakes When Changing Font Size

In the hustle and bustle of website design, it’s easy to make a few missteps when adjusting font size in HTML. I’ve seen this happen more times than I’d like to admit, so let’s take a moment to explore some of the most common mistakes.

A frequent error is neglecting to specify units when defining font size. Let’s say you’re using inline CSS and your code looks like this:

<p style="font-size: 15;">This is my text!</p>

Well, that won’t work as expected because the browser doesn’t know what “15” means on its own. Is it pixels? Em? Percentages? Always remember to include units like pxem, or % with your values.

<p style="font-size: 15px;">This is my text!</p>

Another common mistake is using deprecated HTML tags for changing font size. Back in the days, <font> tag was used extensively for styling text, including changing its size. However, these tags are outdated now and aren’t recommended for use.

Avoid doing something like this:

<font size="3">This is my text!</font>

Instead, go with CSS either inline or in stylesheet:

<p style="font-size: 20px;">This is my text!</p>

Lastly, be cautious about creating inconsistent user experiences by frequently changing font sizes across your webpage. It might not technically be an ‘error’, but it can lead to poor readability and UX design.

So next time you’re tweaking font sizes in HTML – pause for a second! Make sure you’re avoiding these pitfalls on your way to designing eye-catching web content.

Tips for Effective Font Size Manipulation

Learning how to manipulate font size in HTML can seem daunting, but trust me, it’s easier than you think. The first tip I’d like to share is knowing the different units of measurements used in setting font sizes. Pixels (px), ems (em), and percentages (%) are the most commonly used.

For example:

<p style="font-size:16px;">This is a paragraph.</p>
<p style="font-size:2em;">This is another paragraph.</p>
<p style="font-size:80%;">Yet another paragraph.</p>

The second tip revolves around responsive design principles. It’s essential to remember that users will be viewing your site on various devices with different screen sizes. Using relative units such as em or % allows your text to scale appropriately depending on the user’s device.

Here’s an example:

<p style="font-size:1em;">This text will scale based on the user's device settings.</p>

Now let’s talk about hierarchy. Larger fonts naturally draw attention and are excellent for headings, while smaller fonts work great for body content. To maintain consistency, try establishing a ratio between your heading and body font sizes.

Take a look at this:

<h1 style="font-size:2em;">Heading</h1>
<p style="font-size:1em;">Body text here.</p>

Lastly, don’t forget about readability! While it might be tempting to use tiny fonts for aesthetic reasons, always prioritize your reader’s comfort over design trends.

To illustrate this point:

<!-- Good -->
<p style="font-size:16px;">Readable text here!</p>

<!-- Bad -->
<p style="font-size:8px;">Hard-to-read text here!</p>

That pretty much covers my tips for effectively manipulating font size in HTML. Remember, practice makes perfect – so don’t be afraid to experiment and learn as you go!

Conclusion: Mastering HTML Font Size Changes

I’ve spent the last few sections breaking down the complexity of HTML font size changes, and I hope you’re feeling a lot more confident now! It’s really not as daunting as it might initially seem. With a bit of practice, you’ll be modifying font sizes like a pro in no time.

Let’s take a quick recap:

Don’t forget that consistency is key when it comes to font sizes on your website. While having variation can help create visual hierarchy, too many different font sizes can confuse and distract users.

Experiment with different options until you find what suits your design best – there’s no one-size-fits-all answer here, so don’t shy away from trying out new things!

Feel free to refer back to this guide at any point if you need a refresher on how to change fonts in HTML. Just remember, practice makes perfect! Before long, controlling font size will become second nature for you.

Cristian G. Guasch

Hey! I'm Cristian Gonzalez, I created HTML Easy to help you learn HTML easily and fast.

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